More than 90% of the people of the Ndu municipality currently depend on agriculture for living. Generally, the variation of soil types together with the climatic distinctions favour the cultivation of a large variety of crops, ranging from low altitude crops like oil palm and rice to high altitude crops like Irish potato. It must be noted here that soils are gradually losing their fertility due to over-exploitation and slash and burn agriculture. However, crops are cultivated for cash or subsistence.
The common crops grown include tea, oil palm, coffee, rice, maize, beans, potato, yam, plantain, banana, garden crops and a variety of fruits. Various agricultural production systems are employed including fallowing, mixed cropping, mono cropping, continuous cropping and plantation farming. An agro-industrial firm; Cameroon Tea Estate exists in the municipality which is a tea plantation.